What is a Chemical Peeling?
A chemical peel involves the application of a chemical, irritant or caustic agent to the skin in order to achieve the total or partial elimination of the epidermis and varying amounts of the dermis, allowing these to be later replaced by layers of better quality.
The active ingredient used, which is specific to each skin type, interacts with the dermal components to improve their quality and alter those that we wish to treat. This means that your skin is not only replenished but any defects are also improved.
Types of chemical peeling
The most widely used, and most effective, are:
· Trichloroacetic acid peel:
It is a powerful anti-aging agent and is therefore suitable for mature skin. Depending on a weaker or stronger concentration, how deep it penetrates will vary, as will the extent of the subsequent peel. For an almost total renewal of the last dermal layers in order to mitigate the effects of photo-ageing and chrono-ageing, pigmentation, frown lines and irregularities.
· Salicylic acid peel:
Indicated for oily and/or acne-prone skin. This is a seboregulator that seeks to draw oil to the surface of the skin so it may be expelled. We aim for skin that is less shiny, with finer pores, and, to some extent, a reduction in acne breakouts.
· Azelaic acid peel:
Indicated for illuminating the skin and for not very severe pigmentation. This is usually a superficial process that does not even involve a skin peel but rather a detoxification process that removes free radicals. We recommend this in summer to improve skin quality and protect it from the sun.
What are skin peels for?
- Light to moderate wrinkles
- Active acne or mild acne scarring
- Thickening of the stratum corneum
- Alteration of the epidermis and superficial dermis
- Preparation for other treatments
What kind of pre- and post-treatment care is needed?
It is important to follow the preliminary tips and guidelines prior to application, and particularly once the peel has been applied.
1.- In the days before and after the peel, you should not use abrasive products (creams with glycolic/retinoic acid, etc.) on the treatment area nor perform any aggressive procedures on your skin (grooming, exfoliation, home peels, etc.).
2.- In the 15 days following the peel, neither should you expose yourself to the sun directly or for a prolonged period and always use a very high level of skin protection, at least an SPF 50.
3.- You may also require a soothing, replenishing cream in the following days, in which case this will be recommended to you in the medical consultation.
A defined mandibular arch, a chin that is in proportion with the rest of your face and a well-defined facial oval are aspects that determine whether a face is attractive or not, hence the importance of treating this lower third of your face whenever necessary.